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Elements in the current standard (HTML 2.0)

See the HTML 2.0 DTD for further details on the use of these elements.

Most HTML elements are defined by a start and end tag. A tag consists of the element name, in the case of the start tag enclosed within the signs "<" and ">", and in the case of the end tag, enclosed within the signs "</" and ">", e.g. <H1> </H1> The start tag may also include attributes which are given in the form "attribute_name=value", e.g. <IMG ALIGN=MIDDLE>. Some elements, indicated in this list with an asterisk, are empty, that is, they have a start tag only and no end tag.

A	         Hyperlink anchor

ADDRESS	         Address, signature, or byline

B	         Bold text

*BASE	         Base context document

BLOCKQUOTE	 Quoted passage

BODY	         Body of document

*BR	         Line break

CITE	         Name or title of cited work

CODE	         Source code phrase

*DD	         Definition of term

DIR	         Directory list

DL	         Definition list, or glossary

*DT	         Term in definition list	

EM	         Emphasised text

FORM	         Fill-out or data-entry form

H1, H2, H3, 

H4, H5, H6	 Headings (Levels 1-6)

HEAD	         Head section of document

*HR	         Horizontal rule

HTML	         HTML document

I	         Italic text

*IMG	         Image, icon, glyph or illustration

*INPUT	         Form input datum

*ISINDEX	 Document is a searchable index

KBD	         Keyboard phrase, e.g. user input

*LI	         List item

*LINK	         Link from this document

LISTING	         Computer listing

MENU	         Menu list

*META	         Generic Meta-information

*NEXTID	         Next ID to use for link name

OL	         Ordered, or numbered list

OPTION	         A selection option

P	         Paragraph

PLAINTEXT	 Plain text passage

PRE	         Preformatted text

SAMP	         Sample text or characters

SELECT	         Selection of options

STRONG	         Strong emphasis

TEXTAREA	 An area for text input

TITLE	         Title of document

TT	         Typewriter text

UL	         Unordered list

VAR	         Variable phrase or substitutable

XMP	         Example section

Further elements proposed in HTML 3.0

Proposed extensions in HTML 3.0 support tables, text flow around inline figures, equations and formulae, customised lists, fine positioning control, horizontal tabs and horizontal alignment of headers and paragraph text, static banner area, use of the LINK element to provide standard toolbar/menu items for navigation, use of the NOTE element for admonishments and footnotes. Forms are extended to support graphical selection menus, file upload and audio input; the user will be given a higher level of interactivity with Web pages through scripting of forms and other methods. More layout control will be given to authors through the option of style sheets.

Style sheets

HTML 3.0 will provide the option of style sheets which give substantial control over presentation of documents while still conforming to the standard. The style sheets proposal is evidence of the increasing recognition of the fact that authors want to exercise the sort of control over formatting and layout which HTML as a simple markup language can never provide. Basically the proposal provides for the linking of an HTML document to a specific style sheet, enabling authors to define the look of a document fairly precisely. Formatting and layout instructions are incorporated in the style sheet, rather than the document itself.

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February 1996

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