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Boyle, J. Shamans, Software and Spleens:Law and the Construction of the Information Society Harvard University Press 1996.

Cavazos, E. A.& Morin G. Cyberspace and the Law: Your Rights and Duties in the On-line World MIT Press 1994.

Henry, M. Publishing and Multimedia Law Butterworths 1994.

Lloyd, I. Information Technology Law Butterworths 1993.

Smith, G. (ed.) Internet Law and Regulation FT Law and Tax 1996.

Cairns, R. "Opportunities, Risks and Some Intellectual Property Constraints Surrounding the provision and Use of On-line Services" (1996) 4 International Journal of Law and Information Technology 19.

Reed, C. & Walden I. "Legal Problems of Electronic Bulletin Board Operators" " (1994) 2 International Journal of Law and Information Technology 287.

Intellectual Property

Annand, R. & Norman, H. Blackstone's Guide to the Trade Marks Act 1994, Blackstone Press, 1994.

Bainbridge, D. Intellectual Property 3rd ed. Pitman Publishing 1995.

Dworkin, D. & Taylor, R.D. Blackstone's Guide to the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 Blackstone Press 1989.

Burk, D.L. "Trademarks Along the Infobahn" (1995) 1 Richmond J.L. & Tech.

Burk, D.L. "Transborder Intellectual Property Issues on the Electronic Frontier" (1994) 6 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev.

Kervegant, C. "Are Copyright and Droit d'Auteur Viable in the light of Information Technology (1996) International Review of Law Computers and Technology 55.

Samuelson, P. "The Copyright Grab" 4.01 Wired January 1996 135.

Samuelson, P. "Intellectual Property Rights and the Global Information Economy" (1996) 39 Communications of the ACM 23.

Domain Name Disputes


Carter-Ruck, P. Libel and Slander 4th ed 1992.

Norrie, K. Defamation and related actions in Scots Law Butterworths 1995.

Arnold-Moore, T. "Legal Pitfalls in Cyberspace: Defamation on Computer Networks" (1994) 5 Journal of Law and Information Science 165.

Auburn, F. "Usenet News and the Law" (1995) 1 Web Journal of Current Legal Issues

Braithwaite, N. "The Internet and Bulletin Board Defamations" (1995) 145 New Law Journal 1216.

Cutrera, T.A. "Computer Networks:Libel and the First Amendment" (1992) 11 Computer Law Journal 557.

Dooley, S. "Specific Risks on the Internet: Defamation" (1995) Computers and Law, Oct/Nov, 10.

Naughton, E.J. "Is Cyberspace a Public Forum? Computer Bulletin Boards, Free Speech and State Action" (1992) 81 Georgetown Law Journal 409.

Pearson, H. "Liability of Bulletin Board Operators" [1995] 2 CTLR 54.

Trubow, G.B. "System Operator Liability for Defamatory Statements Appearing on an Electronic Bulletin Board" (1986)19 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1107.

Mike Godwin, Libel, Public Figures, and the Net, Internet World, June 1994, at 62.

Mike Godwin, Internet Libel: Is the Provider Responsible?, Internet World, Nov./Dec. 1993.

Criminal Liability

Bailey, S.H., Harris, D.J. & Jones B.L. Civil Liberties: Cases and Materials 3rd ed. Butterworths 1991 - Chapter 6, Freedom of Expression: contempt of court.

Smith, J.C. & Hogan B. Criminal Law 7th ed. Butterworths 1992 - Chapter 19, Computer Misuse Offences; Chapter 20 Section 3 Obscene Publications; Chapter 21 Offence Against Public Order

Wasik, M. Crime and the Computer Oxford 1991.

Charlesworth, A. "Between Flesh and Sand: Rethinking the Computer Misuse Act 1990" (1995) 9 International Yearbook of Law, Computers and Technology 31.

Gibbons, T. "Computer Generated Pornography" (1995) 9 International Yearbook of Law, Computers and Technology 83.

Gassman, G.L. "Sysop, User and Programmer Liability: The Constitutionality of Computer Generated Child Pornography" (1995) 13 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 481.

Data Protection

Slee, D. "Privacy and the European Union: an examination of the provenance and content of the forthcoming Data Protection Directive and its likely impact on UK data protection law (1995) 4 Law, Computers and Artificial Intelligence 277.

Tapper, C., 'New European Directions in Data Protection' (1992) 3 Journal of Law and Information Science 9.

Financial Transactions

Steven Levy, E-Money (That's What I Want) (alternative location), Wired 2.12, Dec. 1994, at 174.

Jim Miller, Digital Cash Mini-FAQ.

Jon W. Matonis, Digital Cash & Monetary Freedom, Paper Presented at INET'95, June 27-30, 1995.

Stephen Crocker et al., CyberCash: Payments Systems for the Internet, Paper Presented at INET'95, June 27-30, 1995.


Baker, S.A. "Don't Worry, Be Happy: Why Clipper Is Good For You" Wired 2.06, June 1994, at 92.

Barlow, J.P. "Jackboots on the Infobahn" Wired 2.04, Apr. 1994.

Denning, D.E. "Resolving the Encryption Dilemma: The Case for Clipper" Technology Review, July 1995.

Froomkin, A.M. "The Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, the Clipper Chip, and the Constitution" (temporary site) (1995) 143 U. Pa. L. Rev. 709 .

Godwin, Mike - A Chip over my Shoulder:The Problems with Clipper, Internet World July/August 1994.



Data Protection Act 1984 (c. 35) NB: This is the text of the original Act and does not appear to include recent amendments.


Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases, OJ 1996 L77/20.

Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, OJ 1995 L281/31.

Council Directive 93/98/EEC of 29 October 1993 harmonizing the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights, OJ 1993 L290/9

Council Directive 93/83/EEC of 27 September 1993 on the co-ordination of certain rules concerning copyright and rights related to copyright applicable to satellite broadcasting and cable retransmission, OJ 1993 L248/15.

Council Directive 92/100/EEC of 19 November 1992 on rental right and lending right and on certain rights related to copyright in the field of intellectual property, OJ 1992 L346/61. Articles 11 & 12 were repealed by Directive 93/98.

Council Directive 91/250/EEC of 14 May 1991 on the legal protection of computer programs, OJ 1991 L122/42.


The Communications Decency Act of 1996


Information Infrastructure Task Force. Working Group on Intellectual Property Rights. Intellectual Property and the National Information Infrastructure: The Report of the Working Group on Intellectual Property Rights. 1995.

Commission of the European Communities Copyright and Related Rights in the Information Society Brussels, 19.07.1995 COM(95) 382 final.

JANET Acceptable Use Policy


American Civil Liberties Union et al. v. Janet Reno, Attorney General of the United States. Motions for preliminary injunction - United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

Playboy Enterprises, Inc. v. Frena, 839 F. Supp. 1552 (M.D. Fla. 1993).

Sega Enterprises v. Maphia, 857 F. Supp. 679 (N.D. Cal. 1994).

MTV Networks v. Curry, 867 F. Supp. 202 (S.D.N.Y. 1994).

United States v. LaMacchia, 871 F. Supp. 535 (D. Mass. 1994).

Cubby, Inc. v. Compuserve, Inc., 776 F. Supp. 135 (S.D.N.Y. 1991).

Stratton Oakmont, Inc. v. Prodigy Services Co., No. 31063/94, 1995 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 229, 1995 WL 323710 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. May 24, 1995). (Alternative location)

Stern v. Delphi Internet Services Corp., 626 N.Y.S.2d 694 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 1995).

Rindos v. Hardwick, no. 1994 of 1993 (W. Austl. Sup. Ct. Mar. 31, 1994). (Alternative location)

United States v. Jake Baker, 890 F. Supp. 1375 (E.D. Mich. 1995). (Alternative location)

United States v. Morris, 928 F.2d 504 (2d Cir. 1991).

Steve Jackson Games, Inc. v. U.S. Secret Service, 36 F.3d 457 (5th Cir. 1994).

Educational Webpage Policies.

Birmingham University

Cranfield University

Computing Services, Southampton University

Edinburgh University

Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow.

Imperial College:

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