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Authoring and Design for the WWW

Web Resources

Note If a resource has been moved from the exact location specified and therefore cannot be found by your Web browser, look at the main site where it was located: it may well have been moved within the site. For example, if the precise address fails to produce the document, then look at (the first part of the same address) to try and locate it from there.


NCSA A Beginner's Guide to HTML
This is a general primer for HTML, covering Getting Started, HTML Documents, Markup Tags, Character Formatting, Linking, Inline Images, Tables, Fill-out Forms and Troubleshooting.

Web Development Information
This site offers links to several other useful sites under the following broad headings: HTML Starting points, Style Guides, Reference Guides and Technical Information and Documentation; Server Management; PERL and CGI.

Web 66: Cookbook
This site aims to offer a mix of information and linked resources so that intending Web publishers can find everything they need to set up a site. It has Macintosh and Windows specific areas.

Introduction to HTML
This site is useful in separating out the non-standard extensions from the general material. It includes Introduction to HTML, the HEAD and BODY elements of an HTML Document, Stepping up to HTML 3, Netscape & Microsoft Extensions, Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and Interaction with the Server (with examples).

Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction The Maricopa Center provides a wide range of instructional materials for various interactive technologies including HTML and Director.

ANU - Quality, Guidelines & Standards
This site includes sections on the design, production and maintenance of WWW Resources, Gopher Information Facilities, FTP Information Facilities, Databases, Mailing Lists, USENET systems, and information about Internet Relay Chat (IRC). It also points to the scholarly papers collection next.

ANU Quality, Guidelines & Standards for Internet Resources: Scholarly Papers
This facility, provided by the Australian National University, keeps track of scholarly papers dealing with standards, measures and management procedures aimed at improving the quality of networked information facilities.

Style Guide for Online Hypertext
One of several useful documents and links provided by the World Wide Web Consortium, see entry under Background below.

Legal and ethical

Legal issues on the WWW
A comprehensive survey of the legal issues relating to the development and use of Word Wide Web technology at educational sites, by Andrew Charlesworth of the Information Law and Technology Unit at the University of Hull. A SIMA Project.

EFFweb - The Electronic Frontier Foundation
The Electronic Frontier Foundation proclaims itself as a non-profit civil liberties organization working in the public interest to protect privacy, free expression, and access to public resources and information in new media

Products and technologies

BrowserWatch is an essential site for information about browsers and plug-ins. However, it does not express a view about which new technologies are important and which are not, so it is important to look critically at the various sites to which BrowserWatch points.

Microsoft Internet Explorer
From ignoring the Web, Microsoft has moved rapidly to attempt to dominate it. The company's thoughts on the integration of the Web and the personal computer desktop are worth considering.

World Wide Web Software Tools
This survey takes the form of a set of web pages covering tools on the Macintosh, PC and Unix platforms, some on-line tools, and a report. A SIMA Project.

Adobe Systems Incorporated
A comprehensive site about Adobe products, future plans, publications etc.

A comprehensive site about Netscape products, intranets, development, plus a wide range of instructional materials for Web publishers.
The Assistance section of the Netscape site has useful material on authoring documents and developer tools.
A series of white papers' on the use of the Web for intranets.

Technical detail

JPEG image compression
Includes twenty-one sections on the JPEG graphic file format, including how to choose between JPEG and GIF, and advice on achieving the best form of JPEG compression for a given purpose.

Non-Dithering Colors in Browsers
The Browser Safe Palettes only contain 216 colors out of the possible 256, because the remaining 40 colors vary on Macs and PCs. By eliminating the 40 variable colors, this palette is optimized for cross-platform use. The author recommends the Browser Safe Palette for flat-colour illustrations rather than for remapping colour photographs. There is a test page to prove the point.


Yale C/AIM WWW Style Manual
A Web style manual by Patrick Lynch of the Yale Centre for Advanced Instructional Media, covering Interface Design in Web systems, Page Design and Optimizing Performance in Web Pages, with appendices on Web Authoring Resources, Graphic Interface Design and Multimedia

Do's and Don'ts of Web style
A light-hearted but useful summary.

The Alert Box: Current Issues in User Interface Design
An intelligent monthly column by Jakob Nielsen, SunSoft Distinguished Engineer which has included such topics as the Top Ten Mistakes of Web Design, The Internet Desktop and In defense of Paper.

User Interface Design for Sun's WWW Site
An interesting case study by Jakob Nielsen of the interface design for Sun's own Web site, including their fundamental design concepts, iterations of the home page design and icon designs, and an account of the usability engineering' methods used in the design process.

What is good hypertext writing?
In Jutta Degener's view, The two pitfalls of writing hypertext copy are links and emotions. Links are a new stylistic element that writers must learn to handle. The emotional problem is harder: we must snap out of the host' or provider' role, must get away from the excitement of guiding another person through the text, and get back to just writing.' A useful contribution to the debate.


As We May Think
The complete text of Bush's 1945 article, which set out under the name Memex many of the principles of what subsequently became hypertext.

Advisory Group on Computer Graphics (AGOCG) World Wide Web Server
The Advisory Group on Computer Graphics (AGOCG) is an initiative of the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the Higher Education Funding Councils and the Research Councils. AGOCG provides a single national focus for computer graphics, visualization and multimedia within the UK higher education community and is concerned with the handling of visual information and its processing.

This handbook was developed with the support of AGOCG's Support Initiative for Multimedia Applications.

SIGCHI is the special interest group for computer-human interaction of the Association for Computing Machinery, New York. ACM SIGCHI brings together people working on the design, evaluation, implementation, and study of interactive computing systems for human use. ACM SIGCHI provides an international, interdisciplinary forum for the exchange of ideas about the field of human-computer interaction (HCI).'

SIGCHI publishes a monthly bulletin and a quarterly magazine called - Interactions

SIGLINK is the special interest group for hypertext of the Association for Computing Machinery, New York. SIGLINK is a forum for the promotion, dissemination, and exchange of ideas concerning hypertext research, technologies, and applications among scientists, systems designers, and end-users.'

SIGLINK publishes a Newsletter. The ACM itself publishes monthly Communications as well as journals and books.

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
The World Wide Web Consortium exists to realize the full potential of the Web. W3C is an industry consortium which develops common standards for the evolution of the Web by producing specifications and reference software. Although W3C is funded by industrial members, its products are freely available to all.'

The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
The Virtual Library has sections on Communications and Telecommunications ( and on Electronic Journals ( amongst many others.

British HCI Group The British Human-Computer Interaction Group was set up as a Specialist Group of the British Computer Society in 1984, to provide an umbrella organisation for all those working on the requirements analysis, design, implementation and evaluation of technology for human use.'

KMi, Open University, UK The Knowledge Media Institute is a grouping of the OU's research into learning applications of new technologies. We share a belief that our future depends on understanding and sharing knowledge, and we therefore aim to define the future of life-long learning by harnessing and shaping the technologies which underpin it.'

Media-Lab, MIT MIT's Media Laboratory, founded in 1985, carries on advanced research into a broad range of information technologies including digital television, holographic imaging, computer music, computer vision, electronic publishing, artificial intelligence, human/machine interface design, and education-related technologies. Our charter is to invent and creatively exploit new media for human well-being and individual satisfaction without regard to present-day constraints.'
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