AGOCG logo
Graphics Multimedia VR Visualisation Contents
Training Reports Workshops Briefings Index
Also available as an Acrobat File Back Next




Geometric models

Photorealistic media

Visual Communication

Future Developments


WWW Resources

Virtual Environments

Case Studies Index

Visual Communication in Urban Planning and Urban Design

6 References

ArcView GIS, ESRI Inc.,

Batty, M. (1997a) The Computable City, International Planning Studies 2 pp.155-173.

Batty, M. (1997b) Virtual Geography, Futures 29 pp. 337-352.

Batty, M. (1998) Digital Planning pp. 13-30 In Sikdar, P.K., Dhingra, S. L., & Krishna Rao, K. V. (Editors) Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management Keynote Papers, Narosa, New Delhi.

Bell. G., Parsis, A. & Pesce, M. (1995), VRML : The Virtual Reality Modelling Language Version 1.0 Specification, in VR for the People: A Brief History of VRML, (

Bishop, I. D. (1998) Planning Support: Where is the System? - A Review of Developments in Hardware and Software, pp. 37-49. in Sikdar, P.K., Dhingra, S. L., & Krishna Rao, K. V. (Editors) (1998) Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management Keynote Papers, Narosa, New Delhi.

Bourdakis, V. and Day, A. (1997) The VRML Model of the City of Bath, Proceedings of the Sixth International EuropIA Conference, europia Productions.

Carver, S. (1997), Discussion: collaborative spatial decision making on the Internet,

Counsell, J. & Phillips, B. (1997) Appropriate Data for Navigable 3D Cityscape Interfaces to Urban Information Systems, Proceedings Third JEC-EGI, Vienna pp298-307.

Day,A. (1994) From map to model: the development of an urban information system, Design Studies, 15 (3) July 1994.

Damer, B (1998) Avatars! : Exploring and Building Virtual Worlds on the Internet, Peachpit Pr.

Dodge M. & Jiang, B. (1997) Geographical Information Systems for Urban Design : Providing new tools and digital data for urban designers, paper presented at the Learning Spaces Conference, De Montfort University, Milton Keynes, 26th November 1997. (Available online at

Dodge, M., Smith, A. & Doyle, S. (1997a) Urban Science, GIS EUROPE 6 (10) pp26-29.

Dodge, M., Smith, A. & Doyle, S. (1997b) Visualising Urban Environments for Planning and Urban Design. AGOCG Graphics, Visualization and the Social Sciences Workshop Report No. 33.

ESRI (1997), Introducing ArcView 3D Analyst : Powerful Tools for Creating, Analyzing, and Visualizing Data in 3D on the Desktop, ARCNews, Spring 1997. (Available online at,

Faust N., L. (1995) The Virtual Reality of GIS, Environment and Planning B 22 pp. 257-268.

GeoMedia, Intergraph Corp.,

Hall, A. C. (1993) The Use of Computer Visualisation in Planning and Development Control, TPR 64 (2) pp. 193-211.

Langendorf, R. (1992) The 1990's: information systems and computer visualisation for urban design, planning and management. Environment and Planning B (19) pp 723-738

Levy R., M. (1995) Visualisation of Urban Alternatives, Environment and Planning B, 22 pp. 343-358.

Liggett, R., Friedman, S. & Jepson, W. (1995) Interactive Design/Decision Making in a Virtual Urban World: Visual Simulation and GIS, Proceedings of the 1995 ESRI User Conference, Environmental Systems Research Inc.

Longley, P. & Clarke, G. (Eds) (1995) GIS for Business and Service Planning, GeoInformaton International, Cambridge, UK.

MapGuide, Autodesk Inc.,

MapInfo, MapInfo Corp.,

Martin, D. & Higgs, G. (1997) The Visualization of Socio-economic GIS Data Using Virtual Reality Tools, Transactions in GIS (1)4 pp. 255-265.

Plewe, B. (1997) GIS Online: Information, Retrieval, Mapping and the Internet, OnWord Press, Santa Fe, NM.

Putz S. (1994), Interactive Information Services Using the World-Wide Web Hypertext, paper presented at the First International World-Wide Web Conference. (

Ranziger, M. & Gleixner, G. (1997) GIS-Datasets for 3D Urban Planning, Proceedings Third JEC-EGI, Vienna pp298-307.

Rockwell, B. (1997), From Chat to Civilization: The Evolution of Online Communities,

Shiffer, M. J. (1992) Towards a collaborative planning system, Environment and Planning B, 19 pp. 709-722.

Shiffer, M. J. (1996) Community-Building Communications Technologies and Decision Support Systems, MIT Colloquium on Advanced Information Technology, Low-income Communities and the City. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning.

Shiode, N., Okabe, A., Okunuki, K., Sagara, S. and T. Kamachi (1998) Virtual Ryoanji Project: Implementing a Computer-assisted Collaborative Working Environment of a Virtual Temple Garden, International Workshop on "Groupware for Urban Planning", Lyon, France, February 1998.

Smith, A. (1997) Realism in Modelling the Built Environment using the World Wide Web. HABITAT (4) 17-18.

Smith, A. (1998) Virtual Cities - Towards the Metaverse, Virtual Cities Resource Centre,

Smith, S. (1997), A Dimension of Sight and Sound, Mapping Awareness, October 1997, pp. 18-21.

Toon, M. (1997) The World by your Window, GIS EUROPE 6 11. pp. 38-41.

Tuceryan, M., Geer, D.S., Whitaket, R.T., Breen, D., Crampton, C., Rose, E., & Ahlers, K.H, (1995) Calibration Requirements and Procedures for Augmented Reality, No. ECRC- 95-14. European Computer-Industry Research Centre.

Von Rimscha, M. (1997) 3D or not 3D?, GIS EUROPE 6 10 pp20-22.

Graphics     Multimedia      Virtual Environments      Visualisation      Contents